The Alabama Reading Initiative is a statewide movement anchored by educational leaders from across the state. It is dedicated to significantly improving reading instruction and ultimately achieving 100% literacy among public school students. It defines students as “literate” when they can read fluently and with comprehension materials typically encountered in their classrooms. The Alabama Reading Initiative avoids quick-fix proposals that bypass the teachers with commercial packages or environmental changes. Instead, a Report on the Review of Research (Alabama Department of Education, 1998b) defines research-based, effective instruction and forms the basis for the intensive teacher-development program that is the heart and soul of the initiative.